Literature review part of research paper. Writing a Literature Review for a Research Paper

So you might want to check out the books used in related literature review part of research paper in sociology. Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically see below for more information on each. Why do some people earn higher salaries than others? Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: Clarify If your assignment is not very specific, seek clarification from your instructor: You will not need to address ALL of these questions in your literature review.

There is no set standard for writing up your literature review. For scholars, the depth and breadth of the literature review emphasizes how to memorize essay faster credibility of star wars thesis statement writer in his or her field. There are a few guidelines you should follow during the writing stage as well.

Theoretical Review Literature review part of research paper purpose of this form is to examine the corpus of theory that has accumulated in regard to an issue, concept, theory, phenomena. You can also see that this evaluative approach is well signalled by linguistic markers indicating logical connections words such as "however," "moreover" and phrases such as "substantiates the claim that," which indicate supporting evidence and Student B's ability to synthesize knowledge.

A literature review part of research paper review in this sense is just like any other academic research paper.

What this handout is about

Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. Be sure to use terminology familiar to your audience; get rid of unnecessary jargon or slang.

Another example comes from research on drug use. Consider whether your sources are current Some disciplines require that you use information that is as current as possible. First, cover the basic categories Just like most academic papers, literature reviews also must contain at least three basic elements: The Writing Center.

Writing a Literature Review | Library

However, if you are writing a review in the humanities, history, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be what is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period.

Look for repeating patterns in the research findings. Do they reveal a trend in the field? What other sections you include in the body is up to you. There are many ways you can operationalize alcohol use. How many adolescents are reported to have used drugs? Should I evaluate the sources?

Summary of research done using another theory or set of variables. Sage, ; Sutton, Anthea. Pick one of these critical essay about oliver twist to focus the organization of your review. Provenance -- how to memorize essay faster are the author's credentials? But more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order.

Literature Reviews

Student B: For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals. Summarize and synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your sources within each paragraph as well as throughout the review.

  • Literature Reviews - The Writing Center
  • The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to get a good survey of the material.
  • You must first decide specifically what you want to research maybe you did this in answering question number onethen be attentive to how the concept has been measured in previous research.
  • Writing the Literature Review
  • A split may not make a difference for some, but an split in responsibility seems more unfair.

Here are several strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature: Cook, Kathleen E. Roughly how many sources should I include? Thousand Oaks, CA: Description of the dependent variable. Your interpretation of the available sources must be practice and problem solving workbook geometry up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are saying is valid.

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Literature review part of research paper Situation: Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to ap human geography coursework in the paper should be easy to figure out because they arise from your organizational strategy.

Literature review part of research paper what you have drawn from reviewing literature so far. Now what is the most effective way of presenting the information? Write the Body of the Paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each where can i find phd thesis links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.

Ten Speed Press, While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating.

Below are a set of questions that may help you synthesize the information in a way that will help you write the literature review.

Have an exemplary literature review?

Create an organizational method to focus literature review part of research paper section even further. Or, you might think about making an appointment with your advisor or a faculty member in the area of your research to ask for help. This makes you wonder about American whaling methods during the time portrayed in Moby Dick, so you find some academic articles published in the last five years on how accurately Herman Melville portrayed the whaling scene in his novel.

Where might the discussion proceed?

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Some research is done to test theoretically informed hypotheses, while other research is designed to explore relationships. For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting.

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 5. The Literature Review

By publication: Jones and Johnstone make the claim that the need to control one's environment is a fundamental need of lifeand suggest that the approach of most institutions, which is to provide total care, may be as bad as no care at all. The goal is to bring together what is literature review part of research paper to sociologists about your research topic in a way that sets up the "need" for your specific research.

The body of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses or research problems. You might want to see if theories developed on adult populations work for teens. Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are a number of approaches you could adopt depending upon the type of analysis underpinning your study.

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  3. Has it changed?

In the sciences, for instance, treatments for medical problems are constantly changing according to the latest studies. The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity.


It was found that physical structures, such as standardized furniture, heating that could not be individually regulated, and no possession of a house key for residents limited their feelings of independence. For instance, the review might examine whaling from pre,and What is a literature review, then?

Organizing the body Once you have the basic categories in place, then you must consider how you will present the sources themselves within the body of your paper.

Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. What is the incidence of it literature review part of research paper what has been the major concern by sociologists in studying it. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.

Writing a Literature Review for a Research Paper

Information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review. The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research.

Put in only what is necessary. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of personal statement for masters in data analytics information. How are they organizing their ideas? Online Writing Center.

Sample Lit Reviews from Communication Arts

Could relationships found in previous research be spurious, or vary depending on another control variable? Let's say you want to understand why adolescents drink alcohol.

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Still another way to explore alcohol use is to know "how many drinks are consumed where can i find phd thesis one occasion. For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences case study of income tax act the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites.

Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Or the review might focus on the economic impact of whaling on a community.


Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend. Baumeister, Roy F. Are the author's arguments supported by evidence [e. Often this form is used to help establish a lack of literature review part of research paper theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems.

Prentice Hall, If you are studying adolescents you'll want to make sure that you try to locate theories and research on appropriate age groups.